Gareth Hinds

Gareth Hinds

NPL Fellow

Current interests

Gareth Hinds is NPL Fellow and Science Area Leader in Electrochemistry, leading a team of scientists undertaking ground-breaking research in corrosion, electrochemical energy conversion and storage, and interfacial chemistry and catalysis.


Gareth’s primary expertise is in the development of novel in situ diagnostic techniques and standard test methods for assessment of corrosion and material degradation in energy applications. Gareth has a strong track record of delivering innovative solutions to engineering problems with demonstrable impact on industry in a range of sectors, including oil and gas, power generation and electrochemical energy conversion and storage.

Gareth has established and continues to lead NPL research in electrochemical energy conversion and storage, which is focused on the development of novel in situ measurement techniques, modelling tools and standard test methods to support commercialisation of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells/electrolysers, and high energy density batteries. Recent highlights include an innovative reference electrode that allows mapping of the spatial variation in electrode potential across the active area of PEM fuel cells and electrolysers; a novel galvanostatic technique for simultaneous measurement of electrochemical active surface area of each cell in a fuel cell stack; 3D real time imaging of lithium-ion batteries during thermal runaway; and the development of a multiphysics model of PEM fuel cell performance in an accessible software platform.

Gareth is also heavily involved in the development and standardisation of novel test methods for materials selection in the oil and gas industry. Recent achievements include the development of a novel method for measurement of pitting susceptibility of materials in representative oilfield environments; an experimental technique for validation of predictive models of the chemistry of oilfield environments; a multi-electrode technique for evaluation of the performance of inhibitors for underdeposit corrosion; and the adaptation of the drop evaporation test method to the determination of the threshold temperature for coating of duplex stainless steels in evaporative seawater conditions. He has carried out research, testing, failure analysis and provided expert advice on corrosion and material degradation for a wide range of clients, primarily in the energy sector.

Gareth is the author of over 150 publications, including 66 peer-reviewed journal papers, 20 conference papers, 62 NPL technical reports and several trade journal articles. He sits on international standards committees IEC TC 105 (Fuel Cell Technologies), IEC TC 21 (Secondary cells and batteries) and ISO TC 67 (Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries). Gareth is a Chartered Engineer and Fellow of the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (FNACE), the Royal Society of Chemistry (FRSC), the Institute of Corrosion (FICorr), and the Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining (FIMMM). He is currently serving as Vice President of the Institute of Corrosion and is Past Chair of its Corrosion Science Division. He is also a member of several NACE technical committees and sits on the Corrosion Committee of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining and the UK Corrosion Network. Gareth holds visiting academic positions at University College London (UCL), the University of Strathclyde and Harbin Institute of Technology, China.

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Selected recent publications

  1. In situ diagnostics for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, G. Hinds, Current Opinion in Electrochemistry 5, 11-19 (2018)
  2. Identifying the cause of rupture of lithium-ion batteries via ultra-high-speed X-ray imaging, D.P. Finegan, E. Darcy, M. Keyser, B. Tjaden, T. Heenan, R. Jervis, J. Bailey, R. Malik, N. Vo, O. Magdysyuk, M. Drakopoulos, M. DiMichiel, A. Rack, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Adv. Sci. 5, 1700369 (2018)
  3. Effect of pigging damage on sulphide stress corrosion cracking of 316L stainless steel cladding, J. Hesketh, G. Hinds, R. Morana, Corrosion 74, 487-495 (2018)
  4. In operando measurement of localised cathode potential to mitigate DMFC temporary degradation, C. Rabissi, E. Brightman, G. Hinds, A. Casalegno, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 43, 9797-9802 (2018)
  5. Characterising thermal runaway by inducing and monitoring internal short circuits within lithium-ion cells, D.P. Finegan, E. Darcy, M. Keyser, B. Tjaden, T. Heenan, R. Jervis, J. Bailey, R. Malik, N. Vo, O. Magdysyuk, R. Atwood, M. Drakopoulos, M. DiMichiel, A. Rack, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Energy and Environmental Science 10, 1287–1542 (2017)
  6. Degradation study by start-up/shut-down cycling of superhydrophobic electrosprayed catalyst layers using a localized reference electrode technique, P. Ferreira-Aparicio, A.M. Chaparro, M.A. Folgado, J.J. Conde, E. Brightman, G. Hinds, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 9, 10626-10636 (2017)
  7. Pneumato-electrochemical impedance spectroscopy applied to the study of polymer electrolyte fuel cells, E. Engebretsen, T.J. Mason, P.R. Shearing, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, Electrochem. Commun. 75, 60-63 (2017)
  8. Tracking internal temperature and structural dynamics during nail penetration of lithium-ion cells, D.P. Finegan, B. Tjaden, T. Heenan, R. Jervis, M. Di Michiel, A. Rack, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, J. Electrochem. Soc. 164, A1-A7 (2017)
  9. In operando investigation of anode overpotential dynamics in direct methanol fuel cells, C. Rabissi, E. Brightman, G. Hinds, A. Casalegno, J. Power Sources 41, 18221–18225 (2016)
  10. Investigating lithium-ion battery materials during overcharge-induced thermal runaway: An operando and multi-scale X-ray CT study, D.P. Finegan, M. Scheel, J.B. Robinson, B. Tjaden, M. Di Michiel, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 30912–30919 (2016)
  11. Microcrack clustering in stress corrosion cracking of 22 Cr and 25 Cr duplex stainless steels, L. Wickström, K. Mingard, G. Hinds, A. Turnbull, Corros. Sci. 109, 86–93 (2016)
  12. Novel approach to validation of thermodynamic models for the chemistry of oilfield environments, J. Abda, H. Davies, G. Hinds, A. Turnbull, Corrosion 72, 587–597 (2016)
  13. Detection of internal defects in lithium ion batteries using lock-in thermography, J.B. Robinson, E. Engebretsen, D.P. Finegan, J. Darr, G. Hinds, P.R. Shearing, D.J. L. Brett, ECS Electrochemistry Letters, 4, A106–A109 (2015)
  14. Influence of weld preparation procedure and heat tinting on sulfide stress corrosion cracking of duplex stainless steel, L. Wickström, G. Hinds, A. Turnbull, Corrosion, 71, 1036–1047 (2015)
  15. In-operando high-speed tomography of lithium-ion batteries during thermal runaway, D.P. Finegan, M. Scheel, J.B. Robinson, B. Tjaden, I. Hunt, T.J. Mason, J. Millichamp, M. Di Michiel, G.J. Offer, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Nature Communications, 6, 6924 (2015)
  16. Towards more representative test methods for corrosion resistance of PEMFC metallic bipolar plates, G. Hinds, E. Brightman, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 40, 2785–2791 (2015)
  17. In situ characterisation of PEM water electrolysers using a novel reference electrode, E. Brightman, J. Dodwell, N. Van Dijk, G. Hinds, Electrochem. Commun., 52, 1–4 (2015)
  18. Multi-objective optimization of lithium-ion battery model using genetic algorithm approach, L. Zhang, L. Wang, G. Hinds, C. Lyu, J. Zheng, J. Li, J. Power Sources, 270, 367–78 (2014)
  19. In situ mapping of potential transients during start-up and shut-down of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, E. Brightman, G. Hinds, J. Power Sources, 267, 160-170 (2014)
  20. Novel method for determination of pitting susceptibility in aggressive environments at elevated temperature and pressure, G. Hinds, L. Wickström, J. Abda, A. Turnbull, V. Smith, R. Woollam, Corros. Sci., 85, 33–41 (2014)