Measurement for Recovery - M4R
Measurement for Recovery - M4R

Gareth Hinds

Gareth Hinds

NPL Fellow

Gareth Hinds is NPL Fellow and Science Area Leader in Electrochemistry, leading a team of scientists undertaking ground-breaking research in corrosion, electrochemical energy conversion and storage, and interfacial chemistry and catalysis.

Gareth’s primary expertise is in the development of novel in situ diagnostic techniques and standard test methods for assessment of corrosion and material degradation in energy applications. Gareth has a strong track record of delivering innovative solutions to engineering problems with demonstrable impact on industry in a range of sectors, including oil and gas, power generation and electrochemical energy conversion and storage.


Gareth is the author of over 200 publications, including 79 peer-reviewed journal papers, 22 conference papers, 69 NPL technical reports and numerous trade journal articles. He sits on international standards committees IEC TC 105 (Fuel Cell Technologies), IEC TC 21 (Secondary cells and batteries) and ISO TC 67 (Materials, equipment and offshore structures for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries).

Gareth is a Chartered Engineer and Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng), the National Association of Corrosion Engineers (FNACE), the Institute of Corrosion (FICorr), and the Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining (FIMMM). He is currently serving a two-year term as President of the Institute of Corrosion and is Past Chair of its Corrosion Science Division. He is also a member of several NACE technical committees and sits on the Corrosion Committee of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining and the UK Corrosion Network. Gareth holds visiting academic positions at University College London (UCL), the University of Strathclyde and Harbin Institute of Technology, China.

Areas of interest

Gareth has established and continues to lead NPL research in electrochemical energy conversion and storage, which is focused on the development of novel in situ measurement techniques, modelling tools and standard test methods to support commercialisation of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells/electrolysers, and high energy density batteries. Recent highlights include:

  • an innovative reference electrode that allows mapping of the spatial variation in electrode potential across the active area of PEM fuel cells and electrolysers
  • a novel galvanostatic technique for simultaneous measurement of electrochemical active surface area of each cell in a fuel cell stack
  • 3D real time imaging of lithium-ion batteries during thermal runaway
  • establishment of standard test methods for characterisation of battery performance and lifetime
  • the development of a 3D multiphysics model of PEM fuel cell performance in an accessible software platform

Gareth is also heavily involved in the development and standardisation of novel test methods for materials selection in the oil and gas industry. Recent achievements include:

  • the development of a novel method for measurement of pitting susceptibility of materials in representative oilfield environments
  • an experimental technique for validation of predictive models of the chemistry of oilfield environments
  • a multi-electrode technique for evaluation of the performance of inhibitors for underdeposit corrosion
  • the adaptation of the drop evaporation test method to the determination of the threshold temperature for coating of duplex stainless steels in evaporative seawater conditions

Gareth has carried out research, testing, failure analysis and provided expert advice on corrosion and material degradation for a wide range of clients, primarily in the energy sector.

Email Gareth Hinds

Selected Publications

1. 3D microstructure design of lithium-ion battery electrodes assisted by X-ray nano-computed tomography and modelling, X. Lu, A. Bertei, D.P. Finegan, C. Tan, S.R. Daemi, J.S. Weaving, K.B. O’Regan, T.M.M. Heenan, G. Hinds, E. Kendrick, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Nat. Commun. 11, 2079 (2020)   

2. Local measurement of current collector potential in a polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolyser, H. Becker, L. Castanheira, G. HindsJ. Power Sources 448, 227563 (2020) 

3. Mass transport in polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolyser liquid-gas diffusion layers: A combined neutron imaging and X-ray computed tomography study, M. Maier, J. Dodwell, R. Ziesche, C. Tan, T. Heenan, J. Majasan, N. Kardjilov, H. Markotter, I. Manke, L. Castanheira, G. Hinds, P.R. Shearing, D.J.L. Brett, J. Power Sources 455, 227968 (2020)   

4. Hydration state diagnosis in fractal flow-field based polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells using acoustic emission analysis, V.S. Bethapudi, J. Hack, P. Trogadas, G. Hinds, P.R. Shearing, D.J.L. Brett, M.-O. Coppens, Energy Convers. Manag. 220, 113083 (2020) 

5 The Butler-Volmer Equation for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) electrode kinetics: a critical discussion, E.J.F Dickinson, G. Hinds, J. Electrochem. Soc. 166, F221-F231 (2019)

6. In situ monitoring of lithium-ion battery degradation using an electrochemical model, C. Lyu, Y. Song, J. Zheng, W. Luo, G. Hinds, J. Li, L. Wang, Appl. Energy 250, 685-696 (2019)

7. Influence of microporous layer on corrosion of metallic bipolar plates in fuel cells, L. Castanheira, M. Bedouet, A. Kucernak, G. Hinds, J. Power Sources 418, 147-151 (2019)

8. Critical review of the use of reference electrodes in Li-ion batteries: a diagnostic perspective, R. Raccichini, M. Amores, G. Hinds, Batteries 5, 12 (2019)

9. In situ diagnostics for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, G. Hinds, Current Opinion in Electrochemistry 5, 11-19 (2018)

10. Identifying the cause of rupture of lithium-ion batteries via ultra-high-speed X-ray imaging, D.P. Finegan, E. Darcy, M. Keyser, B. Tjaden, T. Heenan, R. Jervis, J. Bailey, R. Malik, N. Vo, O. Magdysyuk, M. Drakopoulos, M. DiMichiel, A. Rack, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Adv. Sci. 5, 1700369 (2018)

11. Effect of pigging damage on sulphide stress corrosion cracking of 316L stainless steel cladding, J. Hesketh, G. Hinds, R. Morana, Corrosion 74, 487-495 (2018)

12. In operando measurement of localised cathode potential to mitigate DMFC temporary degradation, C. Rabissi, E. Brightman, G. Hinds, A. Casalegno, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 43, 9797-9802 (2018)

13. Characterising thermal runaway by inducing and monitoring internal short circuits within lithium-ion cells, D.P. Finegan, E. Darcy, M. Keyser, B. Tjaden, T. Heenan, R. Jervis, J. Bailey, R. Malik, N. Vo, O. Magdysyuk, R. Atwood, M. Drakopoulos, M. DiMichiel, A. Rack, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Energy  Environ. Sci. 10, 1287–1542 (2017)

14. Degradation study by start-up/shut-down cycling of superhydrophobic electrosprayed catalyst layers using a localized reference electrode technique, P. Ferreira-Aparicio, A.M. Chaparro, M.A. Folgado, J.J. Conde, E. Brightman, G. Hinds, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9, 10626-10636 (2017)

15. Pneumato-electrochemical impedance spectroscopy applied to the study of polymer electrolyte fuel cells, E. Engebretsen, T.J. Mason, P.R. Shearing, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, Electrochem. Commun. 75, 60-63 (2017)

16. Tracking internal temperature and structural dynamics during nail penetration of lithium-ion cells, D.P. Finegan, B. Tjaden, T. Heenan, R. Jervis, M. Di Michiel, A. Rack, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, J. Electrochem. Soc. 164, A1-A7 (2017)

17. In operando investigation of anode overpotential dynamics in direct methanol fuel cells, C. Rabissi, E. Brightman, G. Hinds, A. Casalegno, J. Power Sources 41, 18221–18225 (2016)

18. Investigating lithium-ion battery materials during overcharge-induced thermal runaway: An operando and multi-scale X-ray CT study, D.P. Finegan, M. Scheel, J.B. Robinson, B. Tjaden, M. Di Michiel, G. Hinds, D.J.L. Brett, P.R. Shearing, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18, 30912–30919 (2016)

19. Microcrack clustering in stress corrosion cracking of 22 Cr and 25 Cr duplex stainless steels, L. Wickström, K. Mingard, G. Hinds, A. Turnbull, Corros. Sci. 109, 86–93 (2016)

20. Novel approach to validation of thermodynamic models for the chemistry of oilfield environments, J. Abda, H. Davies, G. Hinds, A. Turnbull, Corrosion 72, 587–597 (2016)