Digital design - All manufacturing will rely on digital design as product function, user requirements, materials properties, and processing and fabrication strategies flow from a single source.
Measurement will enable development of materials by design, virtualisation and product innovation through modelling.
Measurement will allow new parts and products to enter service safely without being subjected to a physical test.
Smart - Intelligent data driven tools will manage responsive, productive and efficient manufacturing systems, supporting the circular economy as resources become scarce.
Measurement will enable process analytics, help control manufacturing processes, enable rapid demand forecasting, and provide trusted data through digital certification.
Examples include: smart contracts and distributed ledgers, virtual and augmented reality, autonomous and co-operative robotics, exoskeletons, increased productivity via human enhancement.
Materials - New materials will be adopted as advanced functionalities are realised and alternative sources become available.
Measurement will enable a deeper understanding of complex material behaviour, ensure safety regulations are in place and allow confidence in their widespread adoption.
Examples include: materials for biomanufacturing, metamaterials, self-healing materials, improved membranes and adsorbent materials, alternative sources (such as deep sea, space or asteroids), plastic reprocessing and natural replacements.