Electrochemistry research underpins the development of more efficient and environmentally-friendly energy generation and conversion processes as well as intelligent lifetime management of materials in safety-critical applications.
In catalysis, organic PVs and organic electronics the primary emphasis is on both developing and adapting state-of-the art nanoscale probes for in-situ measurement and mapping of activity and charge transfer. This enables optimised performance through fundamental understanding of processes occurring at a highly localised level.
The development of innovative in-situ measurement techniques and modelling tools for electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices such as PEM fuel cells and electrolysers is facilitating design optimisation and improved efficiency and durability.
In corrosion, a major focus is on environment-assisted cracking. We are investigating the earliest stages of crack development as the key to enhanced confidence in constructing structures/plants for very long lives.
In thermoelectric and electrothermal the development of new measurement tools for characterization of energy conversion efficiency in semiconductor materials and devices is studied.
- NPL Senior Fellow Dr Alan Turnbull has been awarded an OBE for services to science and industry.
- UCL-led team, including NPL, uses 3D imaging to track the degradation of disposable lithium batteries during normal use in real-time.
- NPL's Portable Environmental Test Chamber, which allows characterisation of electrical components under controlled atmospheric conditions, is now commercially available.
- Dr Fernando Araujo de Castro, a representative of NPL in the Versailles Project on Advanced Materials & Standards (VAMAS) project, has prepared a report that details the current landscape of standardisation efforts in organic and printed electronics.
- NPL, UCL, ESRF and Imperial College London have shown for the first time how heat-induced damage to batteries evolves in real-time.
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