Electrochemistry research underpins the development of more efficient and environmentally-friendly energy generation and conversion processes as well as intelligent lifetime management of materials in safety-critical applications.
In catalysis, organic PVs and organic electronics the primary emphasis is on both developing and adapting state-of-the art nanoscale probes for in-situ measurement and mapping of activity and charge transfer. This enables optimised performance through fundamental understanding of processes occurring at a highly localised level.
The development of innovative in-situ measurement techniques and modelling tools for PEM fuel cells is facilitating design optimisation and improved efficiency and durability.
In corrosion, a major focus is on environment-assisted cracking. We are investigating the earliest stages of crack development as the key to enhanced confidence in constructing structures/plants for very long lives.
In thermoelectrics and electrothermal research, the development of new measurement tools for characterization of energy conversion efficiency in semiconductor materials and devices is studied.
- NPL's Portable Environmental Test Chamber, which allows characterisation of electrical components under controlled atmospheric conditions, is now commercially available.
- Dr Fernando Araujo de Castro, a representative of NPL in the Versailles Project on Advanced Materials & Standards (VAMAS) project, has prepared a report that details the current landscape of standardisation efforts in organic and printed electronics.
- NPL, UCL, ESRF and Imperial College London have shown for the first time how heat-induced damage to batteries evolves in real-time.
- The effectiveness of standard laboratory oxygen purge techniques used to prepare deaerated solutions for stress corrosion cracking tests has been assessed under a range of purging conditions.
- New video explores how NPL's corrosion research is informing best practice in the oil and gas industry.
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