National Physical Laboratory

Tensile Testing - Standards and TENSTAND

Introduction  |  Workpackages & Reports  |  ASCII data files  |  Partners

The revised standards EN 10002 Pt 1 & Pt 5, covering room temperature and elevated tensile testing of metals respectively, now recognise the dominance of computer controlled testing machines, but the systematic technological evidence on which such standards should be based has not been readily available. TENSTAND was set up as a 3-year project, funded by the EU under the programme 'Promoting Competitive & Sustainable Growth', and has addressed this issue through:

  • Development of tensile data sets in ASCII format that can be used for validating testing machine software used to determine the relevant material parameters (including Young's modulus, proof stress, tensile strength, and elongation at fracture)
  • An intercomparison exercise on testing machine control methodology for tensile testing and numerical modelling activities to provide underpinning information for development of tensile testing standards
  • Work on the measurement of modulus by both tensile testing and dynamic methods, again to provide underpinning information for development of relevant standards

As part of the TENSTAND project, a comprehensive literature review on tensile testing has also been completed, covering many aspects of tensile testing including recent development in standards, alignment and gripping, testpiece geometry, speed and control of testing, round-robins, data recording, and its precision and estimating the uncertainty of measurement.

Workpackages and Reports

The project consisted of four technical activities as detailed below:

  • Literature Review of tensile test machine control characteristics, modulus determination and inter-comparison exercises, and data suitable for the assessment of uncertainty.

Click here to download the TENSTAND Test Method Review PDF File (PDF 10.1 MB)

  • Evaluation of Digital Tensile Software Specification of Software, including evaluation of mathematical and graphical methods and preparation of ASCII format tensile data sets of typical engineering alloys. A series of data sets have been generated for validation of test machine and analysis software and for determining the designated material properties such as Proof Stress, or Upper and Lower Yield Stress, Tensile Strength, and Elongation at Fracture using testing machine manufacturers' commercial software and in-house university and industrial software.

Click here to download the TENSTAND Software Validation Evaluation PDF File (PDF 2.29 MB)

Click here for details of the ASCII datafiles

  • Modulus Measurement Methods: Evaluation of methods algorithms used for determining tensile modulus by software validation using a) ASCII tensile data sets and b) by mechanical testing. The report compares modulus values determined using alternative techniques.

Click here to download the TENSTAND Modulus Measurement Methods report PDF File (PDF 2.23 MB)

  • Evaluation of Machine Control Characteristics: Work was carried out to examine the influence of test machine control, i.e. permitted speed changes during the test in the Standard, achieved through a test programme using a selection of materials, including the Certified Tensile Reference Material CRM661, and at other industrial relevant materials.

Click here to download the TENSTAND Machine Control Tests report PDF File (PDF 2.53 MB)

Tensile ASCII datafiles

These ASCII formatted data sets have been developed for the validation of tensile testing machine software, and for the determination of materials parameters by comparison with agreed values established through the TENSTAND intercomparison.

Files can be downloaded as a complete set by clicking the link at the bottom of the following table:

File Material Tensile behaviour
01 Nimonic 75, CRM Monotonic yielding
06 Nimonic 75, CRM Monotonic yielding
10 13% Mn Steel High work hardening
13 S355 Structural steel Upper and lower yield
17 316L Stainless steel Monotonic yielding
22 Tin coated packaging steel Stress softening
30 Sheet steel - DX56 Low work hardening
38 Aluminium sheet - hard AA5182 Stepped yielding
42 Aluminium sheet - soft AA1050 Non-linear
46 Aluminium sheet - soft AA5182 Serrated yielding
50 Sheet steel - DX56 Low work hardening
53 Sheet steel - ZStE Upper and lower yield
57 Synthetic data Monotonic yielding
61 Synthetic data with 0.5% noise Monotonic yielding
63 Synthetic data with 1% noise Monotonic yielding

Click here to access the whole set of datafiles - Zip file Zip/Compressed File

Please note: The data sets are to be used in conjunction with the report on the Tensile Testing
Software Intercomparison, where agreed values and issues related to the analysis of the data are given.

Click here to download the TENSTAND Software Validation Evaluation PDF File (PDF 2.29 MB)


Organisation Country Contact Activity
National Physical Laboratory


Research & Testing
INSTRON UK Ian McEnteggart Testing Machine Manufacturer
BAM Germany Hellmuth Klingelhoffer Research & Testing
ZWICK Germany Hermann Bloching Testing Machine Manufacturer
Denison-Mayes (DMG) UK Simon Willett Testing Machine Manufacturer
Thyssen Krup Stahl (TKS) Germany Michael Borsutzki Steel Producer
USINOR (SOLLAC) France Jean-Luc Geoffroy Steel Producer
Corus   Stuart Sotheran Steel Producer
Hydro Aluminium RDB   Johannes Aegerter Aluminium Producer
ISQ Portugal Carlos Pinto Research & Testing
Dept of Mech Eng, University of Strathclyde UK Tom Gray Education & Research
Dept Mech & Manufacturing Eng, Trinity College, Dublin Eire Michael Murphy Education & Research

Last Updated: 20 Sep 2016
Created: 17 Sep 2008


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