- We would recommend that reference flats in interferometers be recalibrated every three to five years depending upon the precision of measurement required.
- Instrument calibration is often thought to be expensive but the information contained in the resultant certificate is usually worth considerably more. This is not always appreciated and, on receipt, many certificates are wastefully consigned to drawers, shelves or even wall plaques.
- The standard notation for the date is the sequence YYYY-MM-DD or YY-MM-DD.
- The letters are meant to stand for gauge-mode and absolute-mode respectively - where a gauge-mode pressure is one normally measured with respect to ambient pressure and an absolute-mode pressure is one measured with respect to zero pressure.
- Probably not. The figures should be interpreted with caution, especially if an instrument has not been independently calibrated for some time.
- The methods used to determine values of air density fall into two broad categories – indirect (that is calculation from measurement of other parameters and known as the parametric method) and direct measurement. The parametric method is used more commonly.
- Users of the MSF service receive predominantly a ‘ground wave’ signal. However, there is also a residual ‘sky wave’ which is reflected off the ionosphere and is much stronger at night, this can result in a total received signal that is either stronger or weaker.
- No, they are not. The internationally recognised SI unit for pressure is the pascal, abbreviated to Pa, and this is the unit realised by the primary measurement standards in the world's national metrology institutes to provide traceability for pressure measurements.
- The International Prototype Kilogram is not perfectly stable (its mass changes with time), the amount it changes cannot be known perfectly (there is no 'perfect' reference against which to judge it) and the values of the national copies cannot be monitored at the highest level of accuracy without being compared directly with it.
- The most accurate barometers are indeed the mercury primary barometers used at national measurement institutes. Most barometers, though, are secondary instruments rather than primary ones and when considering these it is not correct to say that those based on a mercury column are invariably more accurate than those that are based on an alternative principle.
- Yes there are - some are listed here.
- Up to a point yes, but unless a weight is of suitable design and material and in appropriate condition it will not be possible to give it a meaningful calibration and it would certainly be a waste of money.
- Give the weight a general inspection to check its construction, surface finish and the suitability of its magnetic properties.
- A number of factors need to be taken into account when considering sources for calibrating radiation thermometers.
- Yes - Saturated (or unsaturated) salt solutions, and certain other chemicals, can be used to generate an environment of a particular relative humidity in an enclosed space.