- Yes but not enough to notice.
- Buoyancy is the upward force exerted on an object when it is immersed, partially or fully, in a fluid - and strictly where the fluid is subjected to a gravitational force but is not in free fall.
- A transducer is a device that provides an output quantity having a determined relationship to the parameter being measured - force in this case.
- Discussions in Europe under the MERA project are pointing in the direction of this alternative to a single world or European institute, but some duplication and collaboration will probably always be required.
- Historically there have been a variety of units of mass and density, and approximate conversion factors to some of these are given below.
- There are several reasons for maintaining separate national capabilities.
- In 1799 it was agreed that the unit should be the mass of one cubic decimetre of water at a temperature of 4 °C, which would be called a kilogram (kg). The mass of one cubic centimetre of water would be called a gram (g).
- All objects at temperatures above absolute zero emit thermal radiation. However, for any particular wavelength and temperature the amount of thermal radiation emitted depends on the emissivity of the object's surface.
- Mass is therefore a base quantity in the SI and its unit is the kilogram, which is abbreviated to kg.
- No, they are not. The internationally recognised SI unit for pressure is the pascal, abbreviated to Pa, and this is the unit realised by the primary measurement standards in the world's national metrology institutes to provide traceability for pressure measurements.
- The International Prototype Kilogram is not perfectly stable (its mass changes with time), the amount it changes cannot be known perfectly (there is no 'perfect' reference against which to judge it) and the values of the national copies cannot be monitored at the highest level of accuracy without being compared directly with it.
- The most accurate barometers are indeed the mercury primary barometers used at national measurement institutes. Most barometers, though, are secondary instruments rather than primary ones and when considering these it is not correct to say that those based on a mercury column are invariably more accurate than those that are based on an alternative principle.
- Yes there are - some are listed here.
- The time at which summer time begins and ends is given in the relevant EU Directive and UK Statutory Instrument as 1 a.m. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
- Up to a point yes, but unless a weight is of suitable design and material and in appropriate condition it will not be possible to give it a meaningful calibration and it would certainly be a waste of money.
- Give the weight a general inspection to check its construction, surface finish and the suitability of its magnetic properties.
- A number of factors need to be taken into account when considering sources for calibrating radiation thermometers.
- Yes - Saturated (or unsaturated) salt solutions, and certain other chemicals, can be used to generate an environment of a particular relative humidity in an enclosed space.