- Stylus (mechanical contact) and optical (non-contact) instruments operate on different physical principles and will always tend to differ in the results they give for a surface.
- There is no clear boundary between pressure and vacuum and the word vacuum simply refers to part of the pressure scale. Its definition is not precise but it is commonly taken to mean pressures below, and often considerably below, atmospheric pressure.
- The variation in the value of g across the earth's surface is about 0.5 % due to latitude, plus a change of approximately 0.003 % per 100 m altitude. Local topography and tidal forces also can have small effects.
- A pressure balance is simply an alternative name for a piston gauge (more frequently spelt piston 'gage').
- In 1799 it was agreed that the unit should be the mass of one cubic decimetre of water at a temperature of 4 °C, which would be called a kilogram (kg). The mass of one cubic centimetre of water would be called a gram (g).
- The following is a list of manufacturers and distributors ...
- No, they are not. The internationally recognised SI unit for pressure is the pascal, abbreviated to Pa, and this is the unit realised by the primary measurement standards in the world's national metrology institutes to provide traceability for pressure measurements.
- The International Prototype Kilogram is not perfectly stable (its mass changes with time), the amount it changes cannot be known perfectly (there is no 'perfect' reference against which to judge it) and the values of the national copies cannot be monitored at the highest level of accuracy without being compared directly with it.
- The most accurate barometers are indeed the mercury primary barometers used at national measurement institutes. Most barometers, though, are secondary instruments rather than primary ones and when considering these it is not correct to say that those based on a mercury column are invariably more accurate than those that are based on an alternative principle.
- Yes there are - some are listed here.
- The time at which summer time begins and ends is given in the relevant EU Directive and UK Statutory Instrument as 1 a.m. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
- Up to a point yes, but unless a weight is of suitable design and material and in appropriate condition it will not be possible to give it a meaningful calibration and it would certainly be a waste of money.
- Give the weight a general inspection to check its construction, surface finish and the suitability of its magnetic properties.
- A number of factors need to be taken into account when considering sources for calibrating radiation thermometers.
- Yes - Saturated (or unsaturated) salt solutions, and certain other chemicals, can be used to generate an environment of a particular relative humidity in an enclosed space.