National Physical Laboratory

EnergyEnergy transition reports

A series of reports highlighting current measurement challenges in the energy industry

The UK urgently needs to find cost-effective and scalable ways to decarbonise our energy sector to address the critical issues of air quality, energy security and climate change. Domestic policy, such as the Climate Change Act (2008), commits the UK to reducing its 2050 greenhouse gas emissions by at least 80% compared to 1990 levels. On an international scale, the Paris Agreement also requires significant decarbonisation to keep global temperature increases 'well below' 2 °C.

To meet these aspirations, and for energy to become more affordable, clean and secure, a shift away from fossil fuels towards clean, renewable energy sources is required. This 'energy transition' will see the emergence of innovative, low carbon alternatives within our transport and heat sectors, as well as in playing a role balancing the grid.

Due to the novelty of these disruptive alternatives, they often bring with them a number of challenges, and in many cases advances cannot be made without addressing the measurement challenges which underpin them. As the UK's National Measurement Institute, NPL has a responsibility to tackle priority measurement challenges and is producing a series of reports which highlight and prioritise measurement needs, currently under the themes of hydrogen and batteries.


Energy transition: Measurement needs within the hydrogen industry - front cover [300x424]

Measurement needs within the hydrogen industry

Hydrogen in the UK is beginning to shift from hypothetical debates to practical demonstration projects. An ever-growing evidence base has showcased how the costs of hydrogen and its barriers to entry are reducing, such that it now has practical potential to contribute to the decarbonisation of the UK's energy sector.

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Energy transition: Measurement needs within the battery industry - front cover

Measurement needs within the battery industry

Batteries are a well-established energy technology and are commonplace in our everyday lives, powering many of the devices that we rely on. There are currently significant efforts being made to ensure the UK leads the world in the design, development and manufacture of batteries for the electrification of vehicles, and high energy density batteries also show significant potential as storage mechanisms offering greater flexibility to the electricity grid.

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Our energy and environment focus

We're paving the way to a cleaner future, by supporting the decarbonisation of the energy sector, helping to transition our energy system so that it is smart, clean and resilient, helping businesses validate their innovative clean technologies, and providing confidence in data on the climate, greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution.

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