National Physical Laboratory

Three-dimensional cell morphometry for the quantification of cell-surface interactions.

Author(s):
Shaw, M, Faruqui, N, Gurdak, E, Tomlins, P
Source:
Tissue Eng. Part C - Methods, 2013, 19, (1), 48-56
ISSN:
ISBN:
NPL Doc. Ref:
PDB: 6552 | DDB: 4940
Document Type:
Periodical article
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ten.tec.2012.0038

Note: An asterisk after an author's name indicates a non-NPL author.

Abstract:

The initial attachment of cells to biomaterials is an important indicator of longer-term cell-substrate biocompatibility. In order to study and quantify this interaction we have developed a protocol for measuring temporal changes in the 3D morphology of mammalian cells seeded onto different substrates using fluorescence confocal laser scanning microscopy and image processing techniques. This method has been used to investigate how morphology parameters, such as cell thickness, volume and footprint area change over time for osteosarcoma cells on an uncoated glass control, fibronectin-coated glass and titanium substrates. Consistent with other studies, our results show that the presence of a fibronectin coating significantly increases the rate of cell spreading, judged by an increase in the cell footprint area and a decrease in cell thickness, indicating enhanced biocompatibility. Using similar criteria, the same cell line was observed to spread faster on titanium than on uncoated glass. We propose that 3D cell morphometry provides a multiparametric tool for quantifying initial cell-surface interactions and that such data has important applications in quality control for ensuring product/batch consistency and for developing tailored surface finishes.

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