- Yes there are - some are listed here.
- The variation in the value of g across the earth's surface is about 0.5 % due to latitude, plus a change of approximately 0.003 % per 100 m altitude. Local topography and tidal forces also can have small effects.
- Equivalent force values are given here.
- The Système International d'unités - the SI system - is the coherent system of units adopted and recommended by the General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM). It is based on seven base quantities: length, mass, time, electric current, thermodynamic temperature, amount of substance, and luminous intensity.
- There are many types of force transducer and they are used with instrumentation of varying complexity. In designing or specifying a force measurement system for an application, it is useful to understand the basic operation of the transducer to be used and also their broad operating characteristics.
- The International Prototype Kilogram is not perfectly stable (its mass changes with time), the amount it changes cannot be known perfectly (there is no 'perfect' reference against which to judge it) and the values of the national copies cannot be monitored at the highest level of accuracy without being compared directly with it.
- Up to a point yes, but unless a weight is of suitable design and material and in appropriate condition it will not be possible to give it a meaningful calibration and it would certainly be a waste of money.
- Give the weight a general inspection to check its construction, surface finish and the suitability of its magnetic properties.
- Yes, magnetic fields - and indeed magnetically permeable materials close to a balance - can effect a weighing result.
- Historically there have been a variety of units of mass and density, and approximate conversion factors to some of these are given below.
- There are many different types of barometer but they fit into two broad categories - those containing mercury and those that do not.
- Pressure in a fluid, whether it be gas or liquid, varies with height. It doesn't matter whether the fluid is in pipework or more loosely confined such the atmosphere or the sea - just so long as there is gravitational attraction and something stopping free-fall (or a centripetal force - for those who are pedantic, in orbit or who twirl open cups of tea on horizontal cords).
- To convert one non-pascal pressure unit to an alternative non-pascal unit, multiply the 'starting' pressure value by the 'number of pascals' shown against its unit and then divide the product by the number of pascals shown against the second unit.
- Mercury barometers must be transported with extreme care - the prime concerns are to prevent air from entering the vacuum space or the tube from being broken and leaking mercury.
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