National Physical Laboratory

Electrochemistry Recent Publications

NPL's multi-disciplinary Electrochemistry team undertakes ground-breaking research in measurement and modelling of electrochemical and charge transfer processes.

Corrosion

The environmentally small/short crack growth effect
A. Turnbull
Corros. Rev., 30, pages 1-17 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/corrrev-2012-0003

Comparative evaluation of environment induced cracking of conventional and advanced steam turbine blade steels. Part 2: Corrosion fatigue
A. Turnbull and S. Zhou
Corros. Sci., 53, pages 503-512 (2011)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010938X1000510X

Sensitivity of stress corrosion cracking of stainless steel to surface machining and grinding procedure
A. Turnbull, K. Mingard, J. D. Lord, B. Roebuck, D. Tice, K. Mottershead, N. Fairweather and A. Bradbury
Corros. Sci., 53, pages 3398-3415 (2011)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010938X11003386

Novel images of the evolution of stress corrosion cracks from corrosion pits
D. A. Horner, B. J. Connolly, S. Zhou, L. Crocker, and A. Turnbull
Corros. Sci., 53, pages 3466-3485 (2011)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010938X11002721

New insight into the pit-to-crack transition from finite element analysis of the stress and strain distribution around a corrosion pit
A. Turnbull, L. Wright and L. Crocker
Corros. Sci., 52, pages 1402-1498 (2010)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010938X09006039

Novel multi-electrode test method for evaluating inhibition of underdeposit corrosion - Part 1: Sweet conditions
G. Hinds and A. Turnbull
Corrosion, 66, paper no. 046001 (2010)
http://corrosion.aip.org/resource/1/corrak/v66/i4/p046001_s1

Novel multi-electrode test method for evaluating inhibition of underdeposit corrosion - Part 2: Sour conditions
G. Hinds and A. Turnbull
Corrosion, 66, paper no. 056002 (2010)
http://corrosion.aip.org/resource/1/corrak/v66/i5/p056002_s1

Local hydrogen generation and its impact on environment-assisted cracking and crevice corrosion
A. Turnbull
Corrosion, 66, paper no. 055001 (2010)
http://corrosion.aip.org/resource/1/corrak/v66/i5/p055001_s1

Residual stress relaxation in shot-peened high strength low alloy steel and its implications for hydrogen assisted cracking
A. Turnbull and S. Zhou
Mat. Sci. Tech., 26, pages 824-836 (2010)
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/maney/mst/2010/00000026/00000007/art00011


Photovoltaics

2D photocurrent and transmission mapping of aqueous dye sensitized solar cells
T.A.G. Risbridger, F.A. Castro, P.J. Cameron
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116(42) (2012) 22253-22260
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp308238p

Screening of Photoactive Dyes on TiO2 Surfaces Using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy
W. Kylberg, A. J. Wain, F.A. Castro
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116 (2012) 17384-17392
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp304599v

Screening of Photoactive Dyes on TiO2 Surfaces using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy
J. Phys. Chem. C, 2012, 116 (33), pp 17384-17392
DOI: 10.1021/jp304599v

Spatially resolved photocurrent mapping of efficient organic solar cells fabricated on a woven mesh electrode
W. Kylberg, F. A. Castro, P. Chabrecek, T. Geiger, J. Heier, P. G. Nicholson, F. Nuesch, E. Theocharous, U. Sonderegger, R. Hany
Progress in Photovoltaics, DOI: 10.1002/pip.1242
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pip.1242/full

Oligothiophene dendron-decorated squaraine dyes: Synthesis, thin film formation, and performance in organic solar cells
W. Kylberg, Y. Zhang, A. Aebersold, F.A. Castro, T. Geiger, J. Heier, Simon Kuster, C.-Q. Ma, P. Bäuerle, F. Nüesch,J.-N. Tisserant, R. Hany
Organic Electronics 13, 1204-1212 (2012)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1566119912001267

Challenges found when patterning semiconducting polymers with electric fields for organic solar cell applications
F. A. Castro, F. Nüesch, C. Walder, R. Hany
Journal of Nanomaterials, (2012) in press
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnm/aip/478296/

Quantitative nanoscale surface voltage measurement on organic semiconductor blends
A. Cuenat, A. Muñiz-Piniella, M. Muñoz-Rojo, W. C Tsoi, C. E Murphy
Nanotechnology 23, 045703 (2012)
http://iopscience.iop.org/0957-4484/23/4/045703/

Woven Electrodes for Flexible Organic Photovoltaic Cells
W. Kylberg, F. A. Castro, P. Chabrecek, U. Sonderegger, B. T. T. Chu, F. Nüesch and R. Hany
Advanced Materials, 23, pages 1015-1019 (2011)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adma.201190019/abstract

Surface and subsurface morphology of operating nanowire:fullerene solar cells revealed by photoconductive-AFM
W.C. Tsoi, P. G. Nicholson, J-S. Kim, D. Roy, T. L. Burnett, C. E. Murphy, J. Nelson, D. D. C. Bradley, J-S. Kim, F.A. Castro
Energy & Environmental Science, 4, pages 3646-3651 (2011)
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2011/ee/c1ee01944a

The nature of in-plane skeleton Raman modes of P3HT and their correlation to the degree of molecular order in P3HT:PCBM blend films
W. C. Tsoi, D. T. James, P. G. Nicholson, C. E. Murphy, D. D. C. Bradley, J. Nelson, J-S. Kim
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 133, pages 9834-9843 (2011)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja2013104

Effect of crystallisation on the electronic energy levels and thin film morphology of P3HT:PCBM blends
W. C. Tsoi, S. Spencer, L. Yang, P. Nicholson, A. Turnbull, A. Shard, C. E. Murphy, D. D. C. Bradley, J. Nelson, J-S. Kim
Macromolecules, 44, 8, pages 2944-2952 (2011)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ma102841e

Transport and interfacial transfer of electrons in dye-sensitized solar cells utilising a Co(dbbip)2 redox shuttle
H. Wang, P. G. Nicholson, L. Peter, S. M. Zakeeruddin, M. Graztel
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114, pages 14300-14306 (2010)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp105753k

Organic Photovoltaics: Principles and Techniques for Nanometre Scale Characterisation
P. G. Nicholson and F. A. Castro
Nanotechnology (Review), 21, pages 492001-492027 (2010)
http://iopscience.iop.org/0957-4484/21/49/492001


Organic Electronics

Molecular relaxation temperature effects on emission efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes
S.F.C. Silva, M. Foschini, H.S. Silva, J.R. Tozoni, F.A. Castro, R. A. Silva, A. Marletta
Organic Electronics 13 (2012) 2935-2939
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1566119912003746

On the origin of exciton formation in dye doped Alq3 OLEDs
J. A. Gómez, F. A. Castro, F. Nüesch, L. Zuppiroli and C. F. O. Graeff
Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, (2012) DOI: 10.1007/s00339-012-6957-8
http://www.springerlink.com/content/r0270m08414q1762/

Wire-bar coating of semiconducting polythiophene / insulating polyethylene blend thin films for organic transistors
C. E. Murphy, L. Yang, S. Ray, L. Yu, S. Knox, N. Stingelin
J. Appl. Phys. 110, 093523 (2011)
http://jap.aip.org/resource/1/japiau/v110/i9/p093523_s1

High mobility solution-processed copper phthalocyanine-based organic field-effect transistors
N. Chaure, A. Cammidge, I. Chambrier, M. Cook, M. Cain, C. Murphy, C. Pal, A. Ray
Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater., 12, 025001 (2011)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1468-6996/12/2/025001

A metrology perspective on the dark injection transient current method for charge mobility determination in organic semiconductors
T. Esward, S. Knox, H. Jones, P. Brewer, C. Murphy, L. Wright, J. Williams
J. Appl. Phys. 109, 093707 (2011)
http://jap.aip.org/resource/1/japiau/v109/i9/p093707_s1

Phase-separated thin film structures for efficient polymer blend light-emitting diodes
K. Yim, W. Doherty, W. Salaneck, C. Murphy, R. Friend, J-S. Kim
Nano. Lett. 10, pages 385-392 (2010)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl9025105


Electrochemical Imaging

Screening of Photoactive Dyes on TiO2 Surfaces Using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy
W. Kylberg, A. J. Wain, and F. A. Castro
Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 116, pages 17384−17392 (2012)
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021%2Fjp304599v

High Aspect Ratio Needle Probes for Combined Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy - Atomic Force Microscopy
A. J. Wain, D. Cox, S. Zhou, A. Turnbull
Electrochemistry Communications, 13, pages 78-81 (2011)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1388248110004832

Fabrication of Probes for In-situ Mapping of Electrocatalytic Activity at the Nanoscale
A. J. Wain, D. Cox, S. Zhou, A. Turnbull
Materials Challenges and Testing for Supply of Energy and Resources (eds. T. Bollinghaus, J. Lexow, T, Kishi, M. Kitagawa, Springer, 2012) pages 129-141
http://www.springer.com/materials/book/978-3-642-23347-0


Catalysis

Imaging size effects on the electrocatalytic activity of gold nanoparticles using scanning electrochemical microscopy
A. J. Wain
Electrochimica Acta, 92, pages 383-391 (2013)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013468613001060

Influence of ultrathin poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) film supports on the electrodeposition and electrocatalytic activity of discrete platinum nanoparticles
H. V. Patten, E. Ventosa, A. Colina, V. Ruiz, J. Lopez-Palacios, A. J. Wain, S. C. S. Lai, J. W. Macpherson, P. R. Unwin
J. Solid State Electrochem., 15, pages 2331-2339 (2011)
http://resolver.scholarsportal.info/resolve/14328488/v15i11-12/2331_ioupfseaodpn


Fuel Cells

In situ mapping of electrode potential in a PEM fuel cell
G. Hinds, E. Brightman
Electrochem. Commun., doi: 10.1016/j.elecom.2012.01.007 (2012)

Humidity, pressure and temperature measurements in an interdigitated-flow PEM hydrogen fuel cell
S. Bell, G. Hinds, M. de Podesta, M. Stevens, J. Wilkinson
Int. J. Thermophys., doi: 10. 1007/s10765-011-1095-7 (2011)

What Happens Inside a Fuel Cell? Developing an Experimental Functional Map of Fuel Cell Performance
D. J. L. Brett, A. R. Kucernak, P. Aguiar, S.C. Atkins, N.P. Brandon, R. Clague, L. Cohen, G. Hinds, C. Kalyvas, G.J. Offer, B. Ladewig, R. Maher, A. Marquis, P. Shearing, N. Vasileiadis, and V. Vesovic
Chem Phys Chem, 11, pages 2714-2731 (2010)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cphc.201000487/abstract