Sir Charles Galton Darwin
Mathematical physicist and the son of George Darwin FRS and grandson of the evolutionary biologist, Charles Robert Darwin, author of the Origin of Species (1859). Darwin was educated at Marlborough College and Trinity College, Cambridge; fourth wrangler, mathematical tripos 1910; joined Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr as the Arthur Schuster lecturer in mathematical physics at Manchester 1910-12; worked with H G J Mosley on the diffraction of X-rays for two years; served with the Royal Engineers and the Royal Flying Corps; fellow and lecturer at Christ's College, Cambridge 1919-1922, and became Master of the college in 1936. From 1924 he was Tait professor of natural philosophy at Edinburgh University.
Darwin was Director of NPL, from 1938-1949 and played an important role in reorganising the NPL after the 1939-1945 war. He was made an FRS in 1922, and was the president of various societies including the Physical Society (1941-44) and the Eugenics Society (1953-59).
He received the KBE 1942 and also received honorary degrees from Manchester, St Andrew's College, and Trinity College, Dublin.