National Physical Laboratory

Composites and Polymeric Materials Publications (continued)

2011 Publications

Composites

  • Characterization of Solid Complex Multiphase Systems Based on Oscillatory Photon Correlation Spectroscopy, T Koukoulas, W R Broughton, P D Theobald and M Tedaldi, Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science and Technology, Volume 22, Issue 14, 2011.
  • Clays for Polymeric Nanocomposites, L A Utracki, W Broughton, N Gonzalez Rojano, L Hecker de Carvalho and C A Achete, Polymer Engineering and Science, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 559-572, 2011.
  • A Novel Method of Determining Residual Stress Distributions in Plates using the Incremental Slitting Technique, S J Roberts, L N McCartney and W R Broughton, Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design (Institution of Mechanical Engineering), Volume 4, May 2011, pp 280-297.
  • An Experimental Assessment of Open-Hole Tension-Tension Fatigue Behaviour of a GFRP Laminate, W R Broughton, M R L Gower, M J Lodeiro, G D Pilkington and R M Shaw, Composites A, Volume 42, 2011, pp 1310-1320.
  • Observations on Interphase Characterisation in Polymer Composites by Nano-scale Indentation and the Use of AFM Cantilever Torsion to Identify Measurement Artefacts. T J Young, M A Monclus, W R Broughton, S L Ogin and P A Smith, Accepted by Plastics Rubber and Composites, April 2011.
  • The Use of the Peak Force Quantitative Nanomechanical Mapping AFM-Based Method for High-Resolution Elastic Modulus Measurement of Polymers. T J Young, M A Monclus, T L Burnett, W R Broughton, S L Ogin and P A Smith, Submitted to Measurement Science and Technology, June 2011.
  • Metrology Challenges for Composites and Nanocomposites, W R Broughton and M R L Gower, Advanced Composites Centre for Innovation and Science (ACCIS), University of Bristol, Bristol, UK, 19 January 2011
  • Experimental Determination of Key Parameters for Modelling the Tensile and Compressive Fatigue Behaviour of Notched GRP Laminates, W R Broughton, M R L Gower, M J Lodeiro, G D Pilkington, R M Shaw, 5th International Conference on Composites Testing and Model Simulation, EPFL, Lausanne, 14-16 February 2011.
  • Adhesive Qualification for Extreme Environments: Standards and Test Methods, W R Broughton, Society of Adhesion and Adhesives Spring Seminar “Adhesives in Extreme Environments”, Society of Chemical Industry, 15 Belgrave Square, London, 7 April 2011.
  • Novel Non-contact Optical Characterisation Methods of Polymeric Nanocomposite Structures Based on their Particle Loading and Dispersion Profile, T Koukoulas, W R Broughton, M Tedaldi and P D Theobald, Proceedings of the Society of Photo-Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Optical Metrology 2011 Conference “Optical Measurement Systems for Industrial Inspection EOM01”, Volume 8082 808220-1, 23-27 May 2011, Munich, Germany.
  • Prediction of Surface Cracks in Thick Composite Laminates With Blocked Plies, M R L Gower, R M Shaw, N McCartney, T Garstka, S Lemanski, and P Lyons, Deformation and Fracture of Composites 11, Queens College Cambridge, April 13th-15th 2011.
  • Use of a surface-mounted chirped fibre Bragg grating sensor to monitor delamination growth in a double-cantilever beam test, A R Sanderson, S L Ogin, A D Crocombe, M R L Gower and R J Lee, Deformation and Fracture of Composites 11, Queens College Cambridge, April 13th-15th 2011.
  • Use of a surface-mounted chirped fibre Bragg grating sensor to monitor delamination growth in a double-cantilever beam test, A R Sanderson, S L Ogin, A D Crocombe, M R L Gower and R J Lee, Composites Science and Technology – submitted 03/05/2011.

Polymeric Materials

  • Accelerated testing of creep in polymeric materials using nanoindentation, A S Maxwell, M A Monclus, N Jennett and G D Dean, Polymer Testing, 30, Issue 4, June 2011, pp.366-371.
  • Modelling and analysis of creep data for plastics at elevated temperatures, G Dean, Polymer Testing, 30, Issue 2, April 2011, pp229-235.
  • Modelling non-linear viscoelasticity in polymers for design using finite element analysis, G D Dean, L N McCartney, R Mera and J M  Urquhart, accepted for Polymer Engineering and Science Special Issue: Special Section on Diffusion Phenomena in Polymers, Volume 51, Issue 11, 2210–2219, Nov. 2011.
  • Viscosity of concentrated therapeutic protein compositions, J Jezek, M Rides, B Derham, J Moore, E Cerasoli , R Simler and B Perez-Ramirez, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 63 (13), Oct. 2011, 1107-1117.
  • An investigation of high rate capillary extrusion rheometry of thermoplastics, M Rides, A L Kelly and C R G Allen, Polymer Testing, Dec. 2011, 30 (8), pp.916-924.
  • Characterisation of glass transition temperature of polymeric materials using an AFM Scanning Thermal Microscopy (SThM) probe technique, A Dawson, M Rides, A Cuenat and L Winkless, 19th European Conference on Thermophysical Properties, August 2011. ,
  • New approaches to mapping through-thickness variations in the degradation in poly (lactide-co-glycolide), Maxwell A.S.; Tomlins P.E., Polymer Degradation and Stability, 96 (5) May 2011 pp1015-1021.
  • Non-destructive Moisture Content Measurement of Bioabsorbable Polymers Used in Medical Implants, P A Carroll, S A Bell, A S Maxwell, P E Tomlins, International Journal of Thermophysics, Online First, 05/2011, SPRINGER, 10.1007/s10765-011-0981-3

2010 Publications

Composites

  • Influence of Coupling-Agents on Material Behaviour of Glass Flake reinforced Polypropylene, W R Broughton, M J Lodeiro and G D Pilkington, Composites Part A, Volume 41, 2010, 506-514.
  • Assessment of Quasi-Static and Fatigue Loaded Notched GRP Laminates Using Digital Image Correlation, W R Broughton, M R L Gower, M J Lodeiro, G D Pilkington and R M Shaw, Applied Mechanics and Materials, Volumes 24-25, 2010, pp 407-412.
  • Characterization of Solid Complex Multiphase Systems Based on Oscillatory Photon Correlation Spectroscopy, T Koukoulas, W R Broughton, P D Theobald and M Tedaldi, Optics Letters, Volume 35, Number 22, pp 3754-3756, 2010.
  • Use of DMA for Assessing Environmental Degradation of Composite Materials, W R Broughton and S J Gnaniah, TAC 2010 Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry Conference, Recent Developments, Materials Stability and Characterisation, Manor House, Aldermaston, Reading, UK, March 30–31, 2010.
  • Characterisation of Nanocomposites, W Broughton, T Koukoulas, G Sims and M Saavedra, Pre-Conference Workshop on Characterisation and Metrology, 4th Nanomaterials: Inspiring Commercial Success, Hotel Russell, London, UK, June 8, 2010.
  • Metrology Needs for Characterisation of Nanofilled Polymeric Materials, W Broughton, T Koukoulas, G Sims and M Saavedra, COST/NaPolyNet Conference, The Lensbury Centre, Teddington, Middlesex, UK, September 1-3, 2010.
  • Identification of Measurement Artefacts in the Characterisation of Interfaces in Micro- and Nano-Composites, T J Young, M Monclus, W R Broughton, S L Ogin and P A Smith, IIMM10 International Conference on Interfaces and Interphases in Multicomponent Materials, The Ridge, University of Sheffield, UK, 1-3 September 2010.
  • Assessment of Quasi-Static and Fatigue Loaded Notched GRP Laminates Using Digital Image Correlation. W R Broughton, M R L Gower, M J Lodeiro, G D Pilkington and R M Shaw, 7th BSSM Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics, Department of Engineering, University of Liverpool, UK, 7-9 September 2010.
  • Towards a Planar Cruciform Specimen for Biaxial Characterisation of Polymer Matrix Composites, M R L Gower and R Shaw, Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. 24-25 (2010) pp 115-120
  • Towards a Planar Cruciform Specimen for Biaxial Characterisation of Polymer Matrix Composites, M R L Gower and R Shaw, 7th BSSM International Conference on Advances in Experimental Mechanics, 7-9th September 2010, University of Liverpool, UK.
  • Development of Test Methods for Measuring Thick Section Tensile and Compression Properties of Polymer Matrix Composites, M R L Gower and R Shaw, 14th European Conference on Composite Materials (ECCM-14), 7-10th June 2010, Budapest, Hungary.

Polymeric Materials

  • Rheological characterisation of a highly filled curing system using a disposable extrusion rheometer, M Rides, C R G Allen and G D Sims, Polymer Testing, Volume 29, Issue 2, April 2010, Pages 164-169.
  • On the Determination of Darcy Permeability Coefficients for a Microporous Tissue Scaffold. Y Wang, P E Tomlins, A G A Coombes, M Rides, Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods. April 2010, Vol. 16, No. 2: 281-289.
  • “Non-destructive moisture measurement of biodegradable polymers for medical implants. P A Carroll, S A Bell, A S Maxwell and P E Tomlins, Joint International Symposium on Temperature, Humidity, Moisture and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, May 31st - June 4th 2010 Portorož, Slovenia,
  • Measurement of the extensional flow behaviour of fluids using a modified rotational rheometer, M Rides and A Dawson, Annual European Rheology Conference, Gothenburg, Sweden, April 7-9 2010.

2009 Publications

Composites

  • Assessing Composite Design Data Requirements for Harsh Environments. W R Broughton, London Technology Network Advances in Smart Materials, One Great George Street, London, UK, 21 January 2009.
  • Effects of Moisture Absorption on Polymer Composites and Adhesives, W R Broughton, Thermal Measurement Awareness Network (TMAN) Event Measurement and Control of Moisture in Materials, National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, UK, 4 February 2009.
  • Composite Materials Qualification for Extreme Environments, W R Broughton, British Composites Society Workshop: Living with Composites, Composites in Extreme Environments, Advanced Composites Group, Heanor, Derby, UK, 12 May 2009.
  • Effects of Surface Treatment on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Glass-Flake Reinforced Composites. W R Broughton, M J Lodeiro and G D Pilkington, Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-17), Edinburgh, UK, 27-31 July 2009.
  • Characterisation of Interfaces in Micro- and Nano-Composites. T J Young, M Monclus, W R Broughton, S L Ogin and P A Smith, Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-17), Edinburgh, UK, 27-31 July 2009.
  • Effect of Cure Cycle on the Properties of Thick Carbon/Epoxy Laminates. M Gower, R Shaw and B Broughton, Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Composite Materials (ICCM-17), Edinburgh, UK, 27-31 July 2009.
  • Assessment of Pulsed Thermography on the Detection of Defects in Carbon Fibre-Reinforced Epoxy Laminates, J W Nunn and W R Broughton, Proceedings of NDT 2009 Conference, Blackpool, UK, 15-17 September 2009.
  • Endurance of Composite Materials: A Test of Time, W R Broughton, West Surrey Materials Society, University of Surrey, Surrey, UK, 27 October 2009.
  • “An Overview of the IMAJINE Project”, R Lee, M Wall, S Kelly, L Garden, M Gower, M Dixon and N Ravirala, Advanced Composites in Construction, Edinburgh, 1–3rd September 2009.
  • A fibre optic sensor for acoustic emission detection in advanced fibre reinforced composite materials, J Burns, R Chen, M Gower, G Bryce, G F Fernando, 15th International Conference for Composite Structures. June 2009, Porto, Portugal.

Polymeric Materials

  • Interlaboratory comparison of melt flow rate testing of moisture sensitive plastics. M Rides, C Allen, H Omloo, K Nakayama, G Cancelli, Polymer Testing, Volume 28, Issue 6, September 2009, Pages 572-591.
  • Intercomparison of thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity methods for plastics. M Rides, J Morikawa, L Halldahl, B Hay, H Lobo, A Dawson, C Allen, Polymer Testing, Volume 28, Issue 5, August 2009, Pages 480-489.
  • G D Dean, L N McCartney, L E Crocker, R D Mera, Plast. Rubber Compos., 2009, 38, (9-10), 433-443.
  • On the Determination of Darcy Permeability Coefficients for a Microporous Tissue Scaffold. Y Wang, P E Tomlins, A G A Coombes, M Rides, Tissue Engineering Part C: Methods, Available on-line Nov 11, 2009
  • Modelling long term deformation behaviour of polymers for finite element analysis, G D Dean, L N McCartney, L Crocker, Plastics Rubber and Composites  Vol 38 Issue 9-10  Pages 433-443, Dec 2009
  • In situ monitoring of sol-gel transitions in PEO-PPO-PEO aqueous solutions. M Mather, M Rides, C R G Allen, P E Tomlins,2nd International Congress on Biohydrogels. 10-15 November 2009, Viareggion, Italy.
  • Role of imaging in a study to measure the perceived degree of naturalness of 'real' and 'synthetic' surfaces. R Montgomery,  T Goodman, A Bialek, A Forbes, M Rides, T A Whitaker, K Overvliet, F McGlone, G van der Heijden, Digital futures 2009: Image physics and psychophysics conference.
  • Model Development to predict perceived degree of naturalness, A Forbes, T Goodman, R Montgomery, M Rides, G van der Heijden, H van der Voet, G Polder, K Overliet. XIX IMEKO World Congress 2009, 6-11 September 2009, Lisbon, Portugal, Fundamental and Applied Metrology,
  • The characterisation of human-surface frictional interactions and the measurement of naturalness, M Rides, C R G Allen and M Gee, Smart Surfaces for Tribology, 6th May 2009, Institute of Physics, London, UK.
  • Review of methods for the characterisation of the dispersion in polymer nanocomposites. M Rides, MAT 34, October 2009, NPL Report
  • Modelling the long-term deformation behaviour of polymers for finite element analysis. G D Dean, L N McCartney, L E Crocker, R D Mera, MAT 31, June 2009
  • Measurement of residual stresses and strains in carbon fibre composites. A S Maxwell, W R Broughton, M J Lodeiro, R Shaw, MN 7, April 2009

2008 Publications

Composites

  • Accelerated Performance Testing of PMCs for Construction Applications. W R Broughton, NGCC Seminar Long Term In-Service Performance of FRPs in Construction, ARUP, Birmingham, UK, 1 July 2008.
  • Mechanical Performance and Testing Requirements for Joined Composites. W R Broughton, Joint Meeting of the London Materials Society and the Welding and Joining Society, IoM3, 1 Carlton House Terrace, London, UK, 11 September 2008.
  • Virtual Testing – How Close Are We To Predicting Material Properties for Polymer Matrix Composites?. W R Broughton, Composites and Adhesives Group Seminar, University of Surrey, Guilford, UK, 18 November 2008.
  • Composites Research at NPL. W R Broughton and M R L Gower, British Composites Society Conference “British Excellence in Composites”, IoM3, 1 Carlton House Terrace, London, UK, 11 December 2008.
  • A Novel Fibre Optic Acoustic Emission Sensor. R Chen, R Theobald, M Gower, S Malik, J Burns, E Fernandez, G Bryce, G F Fernando, in Smart Structures and Materials & Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring 2008: Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical and Aerospace Systems, Masayoshi Tomizuka., Editor, Proceedings of SPIE 6932, 693237 (2008).
  • A Novel Fibre Optic Sensor for Simultaneous Detection of Acoustic Emission, Strain and Temperature, J Burns, R Chen, V R Machavaram, M Gower, G Bryce, G F Fernando, ICCE-16 Composites/Nano Engineering. July 2008, Kunming, China. (2008).
  • Assessment of the Applicability of Compression-After-Impact (CAI) and Open-Hole Tension (OHT) Methods for Use Under Fatigue Loading. M R L Gower, R M Shaw, G D Pilkington, and W R Broughton, ECCM-13, 2-5 June 2008, Stockholm, Sweden.

Polymeric Materials

  • Weathering of recycled photo-degraded polyethylene. A S Maxwell, Polym. Eng. Sci., Feb 2008, 48, (2), 381-385
  • Prediction of environmental stress cracking resistance in polyethylenes. A S Maxwell, G D Pilkington, Polym. Eng. Sci., Feb 2008, 48, (2), 360-364
  • The Effect of Heat Transfer Coefficients and Thermal Conductivity on Polymer Processing Simulation, A Dawson, J M Urquhart and M Rides, NPL Report MAT 17, March 2008.
  • Intercomparison of slip flow velocity measurements of filled polymers by capillary extrusion rheometry, M Rides, C Allen, D Fleming, B Haworth, A Kelly, Polymer Testing, Volume 27, Issue 3, May 2008, pp.308-320.
  • Melt flow rate testing of moisture sensitive plastics, M Rides, C R G Allen, H Omloo, K Nakayama, G Cancelli, Polymer Processing Society 2008 Conference (PPS-24), June 15-19, 2008, Salerno, Italy. Paper S07-955.
  • Intercomparison of thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity measurements of polymers, M Rides, J Morikawa, L Hälldahl, B Hay, H Lobo, A Dawson, Polymer Processing Society 2008 conference (PPS-24), June 15-19, 2008, Salerno, Italy. Paper S17-958
  • Recent and future developments in ISO standardisation for polymer melt rheology, M Rides, C Allen, Polymer Processing Society 2008 conference (PPS-24), June 15-19, 2008, Salerno, Italy. Paper S07-956.
  • The measurement of the thermal conductivity of amorphous polymers above glass transition temperature, A Dawson, M Rides and C R G Allen, Polymer Processing Society 2008 conference (PPS-24), June 15-19, 2008, Salerno, Italy. Paper S08-724.
  • Polymer–mould interface heat transfer coefficient measurements for polymer processing, A Dawson, M Rides, C R G Allen and J M Urquhart, Polymer Testing Volume 27, Issue 5, August 2008, pp.555-565.
  • The Measurement of Naturalness (MONAT). T Goodman, R Montgomery, A Bialek, A Forbes, M Rides, A Whitaker, K Overvliet,  2th IMEKO TC1 & TC7 Joint Symposium on Man Science & Measurement, September, 3 – 5, 2008, Annecy, France.
  • Measuring physical and visual material properties to determine their perceived degree of naturalness, R Montgomery, T Goodman, A Bialek, A Forbes, M Rides, A Whitaker, K Overvliet, F McGlone, G van der Heijden, Materials & Sensations 2008, Pau, France, Oct. 22–24.
  • Heat transfer coefficient measurement for simulation of injection moulding processes for polymeric materials. A Dawson, M Rides, C R G Allen and J Urquhart, 18th ECTP2008, 31 Aug – 4 Sept, 2008.

Book Chapters

  • “Shear”, W R Broughton, Chapter 6, “Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites”. Edited by J M Hodgkinson, Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2000.
  • “Through-thickness Testing”, W R Broughton, Chapter 8, “Mechanical Testing of Advanced Fibre Composites”, Edited by J M Hodgkinson, Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2000.
  • “Continuous Parallel Fiber Composites: Deformation and Strength”, L N McCartney and W R Broughton Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, Editors K H Burgen Buschow, R W Cahn, M C Flemings, B Ilschner, E J Kramer, S Mahajan and P Veyssiere, Elsevier Science Ltd, 2000, pp 1509-1518.
  • “Continuous Parallel Fiber Composites: Deformation and Strength”, L N McCartney and W R Broughton, Concise Encyclopedia of Materials, 2nd Edition, Editor A Mortensen, Elsevier Science Ltd, 2007, pp 255-264.
  • “Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics – Properties”, G D Sims and W R Broughton, Chapter 5, Comprehensive Composite Materials, Volume 2, Elsevier Science Limited, Editors-in-Chief A Kelly and C Zweben, 2000, pp 151-197.
  • “Testing and Evaluation of Polymer Composites”, W R Broughton and G D Sims, Chapter 53, ICE Manual of Construction Materials Volume II, Institution of Civil Engineers, Editor M Forde, 2009.
  • “Codes and Standards”, G Sims and W R Broughton, Chapter 56, ICE Manual of Construction Materials, Volume II, Institution of Civil Engineers, Editor M Forde, 2009.
  • “Improving Bonding in Hostile Chemical Environments”, W R Broughton, Chapter 19, “Advances in Structural Adhesive Bonding”, Editor D A Dillard, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, 2010.
  • “Adhesive Characteristics and Properties”, W R Broughton, Chapter 7, “Adhesives in Marine Engineering”, Editor J Weitzenboeck, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, submitted for publication.
  • “Long-Term Characteristics and Resistance to Moisture”, W R Broughton, Chapter 8, “Adhesives in Marine Engineering”, Editor J Weitzenboeck, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, submitted for publication.
  • “Hygrothermal Ageing and Other Types of Environmental Degradation as a Cause of Failure in Polymer Matrix Composites”, W R Broughton, Chapter 13, “Failure Mechanisms in Polymer Matrix Composites”, Editors, P Robinson, E Greenhalgh and S Pinho, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, submitted for publication.
Last Updated: 11 Jun 2012
Created: 19 Mar 2012

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